The structure of a patent is subjected to rather strict rules. In general, a patent will comprise the following component parts:
An abstract, that allows the patent to be found more easily, especially in a database.
A description, generally comprising one or several figures and describing in detail and a technical language an embodiment of the invention. The description should allow the one skilled in the art to reconstitute the invention.
A set of claims, defining in a more legal language the sought scope of protection, which generally encompasses the embodiment indicated in the description as well as other possible variant embodiments that could be adopted by competitors.
The published application or patent further comprises a title page containing bibliographical indications.